Mancala in African Village
Mancala games are among those ancient games that last and last because the rules to play are simple, but the subtleties of winning take a long time to master. At the beginning of the game, each of the (12) playing pits contains 3 seeds (or beads or stones or balls or whatever). To play, the player chooses one pit from which to "sow" the seeds. Each seed in the pit is then placed, one at a time, into the successive pits, moving counter-clockwise around the board. Seeds placed in a Kalaha are points for that player. Seeds are not sown in the opponent's Kalaha. If the last seed in a play is placed in the player's own Kalaha, they get another turn. If the last seed is placed in an empty pit on their own side of the board, then they Capture the seeds in the opposite (their opponent's) pit. All captured seeds, as well as the capturing piece, are placed in the player's Kalaha. The game ends when all of the pits on one side of the board are empty. The player with seeds remaining gets to put them into their Kalaha. The winner is the player with the most seeds.